Mineral elements required by layer hens

Laying hens require around 4g of calcium per day to get the 2g of calcium that is required for one eggshell. This means that calcium, together with phosphorus and vitamin D are highly important for both the bird’s structural integrity and shell integrity.

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Chicken meat provides vitamins mainly from the B complex, including Niacin or vitamin B3, which is essential for the metabolism of fats and sugars in the body, as well as for maintaining healthy cells. It also contains minerals such as magnesium, potassium, phosphorus and zinc.

Did you know functions of essential nutrients in layer feed plays a pivotal role in terms of egg formation and maintenance of the bird’s health.

Laying birds need vitamins.

Common vitamins include the B complexes (essential for managing stress in chickens), vitamin C (great for the chickens’ immune systems and health), and vitamin D (essential to prevent rickets).


These are an essential part of you layer hens’ feed requirements. They supply crucial amino acids. Inappropriate dietary protein levels are bad for the hens.
Take not to check that you are buying the right feed for the age of the birds you have. e.g laying birds do not need the same high levels of protein that growing chicks need, it will lead to egg complications.


Calcium deficiency manifests itself as weak egg shells and birds may have very weak bones and eventually die. Calcium, phosphorus and salt, all in the proper ratio. Calcium is required for good strong egg shells and for muscle contraction during egg laying.


Energy is referred to as metabolized energy

(M.E). Which is provided by carbohydrates and fats in feed. Chickens need more carbohydrates and fats in cold winter nights when they need extra energy to keep warm. During winter they tend to eat a lot more feed during this time and produce less if the ratio of carbohydrates and fats are not in good proportion.

Zinc and manganese are very important for the skeletal system, which is used as a ‘distribution centre’ for minerals in the laying hen.

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